• Welcome to our site! Electro Tech is an online community (with over 170,000 members) who enjoy talking about and building electronic circuits, projects and gadgets. To participate you need to register. Registration is free. Click here to register now.

Comparator

Status
Not open for further replies.
:eek:
Hello all

I need some help. I'm measuring the air pressure going into, and coming out of, a valve. Each is hooked up to a pressure to voltage converter. I need to compare the two signals and when the pressure coming out of the valve rises above the pressure going into the valve (i.e. the relative signals from the pressure-to-voltage converters) send a signal greater than 3.6V to a timer.

Any ideas?
 

stevez

Active Member
Ron H had suggested an LM339 that I've tinkered with to compare voltages. After doing a bit of reading I learned that many op amps can be configured as comparators. Watch out for hysterisis (or more important, the lack of). In the LM339 applications data there is info on how to build in some hysterisis.

Some bits of information:

In this application, hysterisis is the difference between the voltages between the amounts to turn the comparator on and off. My reading tells me that the difference can be very small - .01 volt or less. My experience has shown me that extreme sensitivity can produce a situation where the system simply oscillates around that toggle point because of noise or other things. Some hysterisis or differential needs to be built into some systems to prevent this problem. Thermostats for home heating are designed to have a differential so that the furnace doesn't cycle on and off when very near the setpoint. For many situations a "try it and see" approach is the place to start with an awareness of this problem.

In my reading several authors describe a comparator as an op amp with no feedback/very high gain. Others say that an op amp configured with very high gain becomes a comparator. Hysterisis or a difference in the switching points can be introduced by adding some feedback or reducing the gain. It appears that this is exactly what they show in the LM339 applications literature.

I was working on an electronic replacement for old tractor voltage regulators and an LM339 was suggested. We want to step the voltage like the old relays did so that they new version behaves like the old one. I decided to take a step back and build some tools - a decent breadboard, power supply, etc., to facilitate experimenting. I am almost done with that and will be back to the comparator work soon.
 

Roff

Well-Known Member
Why don't you use a differential (gage) pressure transducer? You would only need one transducer, and simply detect when the pressure is zero. You can, as others have suggested, use a comparator to detect the zero output condition.
 
Status
Not open for further replies.

Latest threads

EE World Online Articles

Loading
Top