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The problem with a 2-way, hands free intercom is that the speaker also must act as a microphone without feeding back on itself. Normally the best is between 8 ohms and 120 ohms. Commercial intercoms operate in the 45 ohm range. This seems to allow the speaker to act (somewhat) as a microphone and speaker without too much distortion. If you did a search for "speakers 45 ohm" you will find some suppliers like:
The phone is good idea, but as i remember the old telephone with dial contain 75ohm speaker with steel-membrane. The Taiwan-junk wall phone contain often 50ohm speaker, and (here in Europe) the door-phone systems working with 50ohm (plastic-membrane) speakers.