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Is it Ni-Cd or Ni-MH?

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MathGeek

New Member
I have a bunch of super small rechargeable batteries taken out of mini RC cars.

They are 1/4 size of AAA. How would I determine the type of the battery, Ni-Cd or Ni-Mh and the capacity?

Any help appreciated.
 

HarveyH42

Banned
Any pictures or part numbers, any markings at all? Might try the manufacturer's website and see if the sell replacements, or maybe any useful information about problems with their product. Might unintentionally spill some of their secrets...

I don't know for sure, but both seem to have similar charging charactoristics and capacities.
 

MathGeek

New Member
Absolutely no marking at all. I have another one that is clearly marked "60mAh," but this has none. just a green plastic wrap that encloses two cells in series.

I am draining the battery right now after charging it full. It has been lighting three LEDs for 30 min. (ampmeter connected to read the values.)

My guess is that this thing is less than 50mAh. Probably NiCd. Cheap mini toy cars use Nicd usually to reduce the cost. (For your info, I have seen Ni-Mh 0.6" diameter 0.25" height holding 70mAH.)
 

dknguyen

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
Charge them up to full power, then just leave them sitting there in a warm place...if their votlage drops considerably quickly (I forget the numbers...5% per day?) then it's NiMH.

What are you charging them with exactly? If it's a good computerized charger then you probably should know what type they are. If you are using a NiCd charger to charge them and they aren't getting damaged, then it's NiCd. If they are getting damaged, they are probably NiMH. if you are using an NiMH charger, then there is no way to tell (NiMH chargers work with both types).
 

hjames

New Member
Green usually indicates NiMH, but that's hardly conclusive evidence...

Over at the Panasonic website, their NiMH handbook indicates that both batteries will lose ~20% of their charge at 45C over a period of a week, with the NiCd being worse by a few percent.

The only other difference (other than capacity) is that the NiMH discharge curve is more sloped than the NiCd - NiCd will quicky drop to 1.25V within 1.5hr and stay there when discharged at 1/5C for the next 3.5hr. The NiMH will quickly drop below 1.3V within an hour, then gradually drop below 1.2V after 3hr.
 
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