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control circuit(toggle latch). need review

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naren

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pls review the circuit mention below. Its a simple toggle switch to switch ON the relay. If the computer is not available, the manual bypass button will be used.

regards,
naren
 

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nettron1000

New Member
Well i think your use of the opto isolators (4N25's) is a good idea since it will be connected to a computer. But is it really necessary to have two ? The 4N25 driving the relay should give the circuit sufficient isolation.

Also if you are using this circuit with your parallel port , you can get opto isolators (or couplers) with up to 8 in a single package. This will save you some board real-estate and simplify the layout abit.

Can you tell us what this circuit will be used for and what control features you are considering in the design ? It may help in the assessment.
 

naren

New Member
hi,

thank you for evaluating my circuit. The circuit will be used to control heavy duty(250VAC, 10A) relays. The relay are connected to a solenoid valve. The reason is, i would like to control what types of water + solvent will be used for the particular substrate. This gives me the control to ensure no fatigue is observed on the substrate due to manual valve failure. majority of the time we forgot to turn the valve for the correct substrate.

I want the control feature to be robust and reliable as in 365days non-stop performance.

thanks,
naren
 

nettron1000

New Member
As you prolly already know, the circuit itself without the mechanical relays and solenoids will be quite reliable, its the moving mechanical parts you have to worry most about. So you could say the circuit is only as good as the parts it is controlling.

Some questions:

How many relays-solenoids will the circuit be controlling ?
What is the purpose of the 4017 multiplexor ?
and will there be two or more relays on (energized) at the same time ?

I used a similar set-up to drive relays using a 74LS154 multiplexor controlled via a connection to the parallel port of my computer. It could drive up to 16 relays in any combination and at different times under software control.


Net
 

naren

New Member
Some questions:
How many relays-solenoids will the circuit be controlling ?
ans: 1 relay-solenoid for each circuit

What is the purpose of the 4017 multiplexor ?
ans: its the only circuit i am well versed in

and will there be two or more relays on (energized) at the same time ?
ans : yes

pls refer below for a detail explanation


the reason i am using 4017 is its simplicity(i.e. toggle ON and toggle OFF). So, one of the led will switch ON the relay and if i press toggle it will switch off and light the other led.
This is the only ic i am well versed in. The circuit you have seen above, they will be a replica of 7 more-each for one computer port input and separate relay drive. (total 8 circuit)

This is made so that they have individual input and output control. If one of the circuits burn down, i'll probably swap it with a spare without shutting down the other circuit.

For 4017 input voltage would not be a constrain(3 - 12 VDC). If i can use a 7805 to limit the voltage to logic 5VDC for 74LS154. They are 2 reasons i am not using this :-

a) I am not well versed on how to build the complete 74LS154 circuit(like the control i need above). I only know about this chip when you have pointed it out to me. (Thanks)

b) If lets say i am using a 5VDC relay, and it burns out. At hand i have another relay with the same specification but it is a 9VDC relay, till the parts arrive i could temporary used this in the circuit and all i have to do is increase the input voltage and add voltage resistor to the other 5VDC relay to protect them. Its resourceful.

I am building the circuit using ic sockets so any parts on the board can be changed just like inserting an ic.

regards,
naren
 
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