• Welcome to our site! Electro Tech is an online community (with over 170,000 members) who enjoy talking about and building electronic circuits, projects and gadgets. To participate you need to register. Registration is free. Click here to register now.

Cassette tape delay

Thread starter #21
Thank you very much Dr pepper, I will try the idea with the pot, that sounds like a good choice.

I also find this image of the circuit with a modification but no explanation of what it does?
I can se ground is moved away from the pot in the middle but dont understand the rest
4B17BE49-61E3-443B-B9AA-BA4679E86325.jpeg
 
Last edited:

dr pepper

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
#22
I've eaten too much christmas cake so I might get this wrong.
It looks like the old circuit always introduces an amount of 'clean' unecho'd signal into the output, the mod allows you to twiddle the pot R11 from just the echo'd signal to just the clean signal.
So if you want you can have just clean or just delayed instead of having a fixed amount of clean + mixed in adjustable level delay.
Hope that makes sense.
 
Thread starter #23
Yes I also ate to much food, do not feel healthy at the moment :)
Would it be difficult to have a new pot for dry signal allowing 100% "wet"?
Someone tried "dry signal attenuation" by adding a pot in series with R14 but that did not work.
Any ideas adding that to the circuit?
(Circuit again)
Image 2017-12-27 at 1.14.36 em.png
thanks!
 

dr pepper

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
#26
The mod in post #21 makes pot R11 adjust from 100% wet to 100% dry.

Your idea is #25 might work if you swap the pot connections going to pin 8 of the op amp and R14, the pot would need to be a low resistance like 1k, 10k would work but the linearity would be squiffy.
 
Last edited:

dr pepper

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
#28
You sure about that scmitty, wouldnt a 100% wet signal just delay the audio.
 
Thread starter #30
What I want to do is:
Dry Out
Determines the level of original, unprocessed audio.

Wet Out
Determines the level of delayed, processed audio.

Delay(echo)
Specifies the delay length.

Feedback
Creates repeating echoes by resending delayed audio through the delay line

Gain

5pots or 4 if wet and dry is on the same
 

Nigel Goodwin

Super Moderator
Most Helpful Member
#31
What I want to do is:
Dry Out
Determines the level of original, unprocessed audio.
The new pot that I suggested in posts #24 and #29 does exactly that.

Wet Out
Determines the level of delayed, processed audio.
Existing pot R11.

Delay(echo)
Specifies the delay length.
Not possible, you need to adjust the length of tape between the record and play heads to do that, although altering the tape speed will give a crude limited similar effect, but will lower quality.

Feedback
Creates repeating echoes by resending delayed audio through the delay line
Existing pot R10 - set it too high, and the entire system will oscillate (this is normal for echo units).

Existing pot R16 (output level, rather than gain).
 
Thread starter #32
Thank you so much! Really appreciate it and cant wait to get this done.
I understand I need to modify the unit to put in a pot that makes it possible to adjust the motor. Think I remember reading about just that mod somewhere.
Is this looking better?
schematic.png
And should all pots be log pots? Or just the output level? Can I buy 1K log pots?
 

Nigel Goodwin

Super Moderator
Most Helpful Member
#33
Thank you so much! Really appreciate it and cant wait to get this done.
I understand I need to modify the unit to put in a pot that makes it possible to adjust the motor. Think I remember reading about just that mod somewhere.
Is this looking better?
View attachment 109820
And should all pots be log pots? Or just the output level? Can I buy 1K log pots?
Why suddenly 1K?, it should be 10K like the other one. Also you have C14 the wrong way round, it need to be the same as the other capacitor.

All pots need to be log - value isn't criticial - 10K would be fine for all, as would 4.7K or 22K.
 

dr pepper

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
#35
I advised the 1k as the impedance the output of the pot goes to a 22k load, 10k will work but it wouldnt be linear.

No disrespect to nige, however some change in delay time would be possible if you change the speed of the tape motor, though that would mean serious mods to the motor if the speed control is built into it.
 

Nigel Goodwin

Super Moderator
Most Helpful Member
#36
I advised the 1k as the impedance the output of the pot goes to a 22k load, 10k will work but it wouldnt be linear.
Not really a problem, and if it concerned you simply alter the 22K resistors and associated feedback resistors - but the design already uses 10K in the exact same way.

No disrespect to nige, however some change in delay time would be possible if you change the speed of the tape motor, though that would mean serious mods to the motor if the speed control is built into it.
I already suggested changing the speed, but it alters quality as well - and as you say, if the controller is built-in the motor it makes it more difficult.

The problem with using a cassette deck is that the heads are very close together - if you could somehow pull a loop out between the two heads you could greatly increase delay time.

For those who remember?, such tape delay systems (back in the day - and I repaired lot's of them) commonly used multiple heads, for different switched delay times. I'm also fairly sure I remember some have variable motor speeds?, but I wouldn't swear to it.
 

dr pepper

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
#39
Hi Nige, have a look at post #3, copycat is one of the machines your talking about, I repaired a few too back in my apprentiod days.
If you have 10k rorut try it it'll probably work fine I might have been a bit too picky.
Looks like the motor speed control is onboard rather than in the motor, some tape players had a variable speed control fitted.
Have you considered modding a tape to an endless loop, or even using 2 decks with 1 tape?
 
Last edited:

Nigel Goodwin

Super Moderator
Most Helpful Member
#40
Hi Nige, have a look at post #3, copycat is one of the machines your talking about, I repaired a few too back in my apprentiod days.
The Watkins Copycat was the most famous (and popular) of the echo systems, nice and easy to repair as well.

If you have 10k rorut try it it'll probably work fine I might have been a bit too picky.
Looks like the motor speed control is onboard rather than in the motor, some tape players had a variable speed control fitted.
Have you considered modding a tape to an endless loop, or even using 2 decks with 1 tape?
Not something I've ever been involved in, but I remember the BBC Radiophonic Workshop used to make long delays with two reel to reel machines at either sides of the room and the tape fed across between them. But their 'real' echo system was the best - from the Radiophonic workshop they had cables down to a large room 'down in the depths' of the BBC - they had speakers and multiple microphones in this large room, and used it as an echo chamber.
 

Latest threads

EE World Online Articles

Loading

 
Top