# A transistor circuit problem

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by shaidul, Dec 6, 2015.

1. ### shaidulNew Member

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Hello everyone,

I would like to know how to solve problem 37 from the screenshot.Anyone who can,please help.

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2. ### GrosselMember

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The trick here is to redraw the circuit so the collector get at top. Also you just have to wrap your mind around the idea of using a negative voltage instead of zero.

3. ### WillenWell-Known Member

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I also became curious-

Emitter current means current through Base plus current through Collector, here the Base is directly connected to 0V so that the emitter voltage is -0.6V. But what is the base current so that we can sum the total emitter current?

And voltage difference between base to emitter is 0.6V. But we also get fix voltage from base to collector or emitter to collector? I think not. Lets see.

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5. ### RatchitWell-Known Member

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It is a common-base circuit. Why don't you show your work? The solution is simple. \\

Ratch

6. ### audioguruWell-Known MemberMost Helpful Member

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I agree that it has a very simple solution. Willen almost solved it.

7. ### zahwiMember

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In this circuit you assume Ib=0
Ie=(8-0.6)/2.2=3.3mA
Vc=10-1.8*3.3=4V
Vce=4+0.6=4.6V

• Agree x 1
8. ### WillenWell-Known Member

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I am in confuse. Will you elaborate in details please? It would be nice to visualize the operation of a BJT.

9. ### RatchitWell-Known Member

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Can you at least figure out the emitter current? What is the voltage across the emitter resistor?

Ratch

10. ### WillenWell-Known Member

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Voltage across the 2k2 resistor is (8V-0.6)=7.4V so that the current across the resistor is 3.3mA. Can I say it is an emitter current? There's nothing current limitter in base, then how will I assume base current, so that I can calculate total emitter current.

Emitter is -0.6V and base is 0V then how can I guess the collector current? Because I am confuse about the CE voltage drop (like BE drop) to calculate voltage across CE voltage.

11. ### audioguruWell-Known MemberMost Helpful Member

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The base current is so small that you do not need it in this calculation because the base does not have any resistors to cause a voltage drop. The collector current is the emitter current minus the base current but the base current is almost nothing then the collector current is the same as the emitter current.

You know the collector resistor value, the collector supply voltage and its current then you can simply calculate Vc and Vce.

12. ### JoeJesterActive Member

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You know Kirchoff's voltage law. Vce will be left after you subtract what you already know. See the attachment.

If you feel the need to compute a base current, pick a beta number like 100.

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13. ### WillenWell-Known Member

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Ok, if there's no base current then the collector current is same as emitter current then:
Voltage across 1k8 is (3.3mA x 1k8)= 5.04V
Vc is (10V-5.04V)= 4.06V
Vce is (4.06V+0.6V)= 4.66V Solved!

Few questions again:
¤ Base is connected directly in a voltage which is 0.6V higher than the emitter, which means there is base current too. But why we ignore here the important base current? Because it is 3.3mA divided by 100 (beta) and it is so small, so?

¤ There's 4.66V difference between Emitter to Collector voltage. Which things determined the CE voltage? Due to 'turn ON resistance' of the transistor? Or are there ani fix voltage drop (like BE has 0.6V fix drop) across Coollector to Emitter?

14. ### audioguruWell-Known MemberMost Helpful Member

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We were not told which transistor. It might be a BC548C with a current gain as high as 800 then the base current is 3.3mA/800= 4.1uA which is very very small. The Vce voltage is determined by the amount the transistor is turned on. It will turn on more if the emitter resistor value is lower causing higher base, emitter and collector currents.

15. ### WillenWell-Known Member

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Interesting! This is basic thing but I never got a chance to think about it.

I understood: If the transistor is 'partially' turned ON (less current flow), then the collector to emitter has higher voltage drop. Can't I say "now the transistor has higher turn ON resistance"?

[maybe relay driver (12V) transistor has very less Vce and very less turn ON resistance to drive relay coil.]

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