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3.7V 18650 battery pack

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NODNARB

New Member
So I am new to this site and new to electronics. Was told this will work but want to make sure. I am trying to put 2 to 3 18650 3.7 V batteries together in parallel to a headlight/flashlight. the volts would be lower than original as it takes 3 AA batteries I do know that the amps arer different so do i need to put a resistor between. Not sure if I am covering everything needed please let me know if I did and thank you for any help and your time
 

alec_t

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
Welcome to ETO!
Do you have the necessary charger and protection circuits for those cells? Lithium-ion cells can catch fire or explode if not charged and discharged correctly.
 

rjenkinsgb

Well-Known Member
Most Helpful Member
As long as you are only replacing the battery, you do not need any changes to the rest of the lamp or to add any resistors etc.

Normal "Dry cells" start at 1.5V each but the voltage gradually drops as they discharge, ending at about 1V each when totally used up.
That means a device intended to work on three series-connected dry cells should work OK on anything from 3V to 4.5V and the voltage of a single lithium cell is well within that range.

When paralleling lithium cells they should all be identical and at the same state of charge (the same voltage) when you connect them, to avoid high currents between them and possible damage.

As alec_t say, you must still use a properly made Lithium cell charger to recharge the battery pack.
Any overcharge of a lithium cell can have catastrophic results; it's common to add an extra "protection board" between the cells and whatever they are connected to, as a belt-and-braces type safety precaution in case of a charger fault.
They also protect from over-discharge, which can shorten the life of the cells.

There are lots of places selling protection boards on ebay. Just make sure the current rating is somewhat above whatever your setup will ever use for charge or discharge.
eg. https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/1-Cell-P...rd-Li-ion-Lithium-Battery-1S-10A/173030613442

Some cheap devices rely totally on something like that to limit charging, but it's an invitation to disaster; you must still use a proper charger for safety and long cell life.
 
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