ᴹ√THUR* root.* “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”

- ᴹ√THUR
*root.*“surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”

A root in *The Etymologies* of the 1930s glossed “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”, with derivatives like N. *thora-* “fence” and Ilk. *thúren* “guarded, hidden”, the latter serving as an element in the names Ilk. *Thuringwethil* “(Woman of) Secret Shadow” and Ilk. *Garthurian* “Hidden Realm” (Ety/THUR). Both these names survived in later versions of *The Silmarillion* (S/178; WJ/189), and later names like S. *Thurin* “Secret” and S. *Thuringud* “Hidden Foe” (UT/157; WJ/256) imply the ongoing validity of this root, though the survival of *u* in S. *thurin* is rather mysterious; David Salo suggested the ancient form might originally have been *thūrin(e)* (GS/291).

The earliest precursor to *Garthurian* was G. *Gar Furion* “Secret Place” from the 1910s (PE13/102; PE15/24), which was based on the unglossed root ᴱ√*FURU* or ᴱ√*HURU* from the *Qenya Lexicon* of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. *furin*/G. *furion* “secret, hidden, concealed” and Q. *furu*/G. *fûr* “a lie” (QL/39; GL/36). In the *Lost Tales* of this period, Tolkien changed {G. *Gar Furion* >>} G. *Gar Thurion* (LT2/202), so it seems the shift from ᴱ√*FURU* >> *√*ÞURU* was very early.

__References__ ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT, THUR

__Glosses__

- “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete” ✧ Ety/THUR

__Related__

- Q. #þur- “*to seek” [does not fit the possible root] THUR “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete” ✧ VT42/30

__Derivatives__

- > Ilk. thúren “guarded, hidden” ✧ Ety/THUR
- ⇒ Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/THUR
- ⇒ Ilk. Thuringwethil “(Woman of) Secret Shadow” ✧ Ety/THUR

- ⇒ Ilk. Garthurian “Fenced Realm, Hidden Realm” ✧ Ety/THUR
- > ᴹ✶thaurēnā “*fenced” ✧ Ety/THUR
- ⇒ N. Arthoren “Fenced Realm” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT; Ety/ƷAR|GARAT
- ⇒ N. Garthoren “Fenced Fort” ✧ Ety/ƷAR|GARAT
- > N. thora- “to fence” ✧ Ety/THUR
- ⇒ S. thurin “secret, hidden”
- ⇒ 4 compounds

ᴱ√FURU* root.* “*conceal”

See ᴹ√THUR for discussion.

__References__ ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; QL/39

__Variations__

- FURU ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; QL/39
- HURU ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; QL/39

__Derivatives__

- > ᴱQ. furin “hidden, concealed” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; QL/39; QL/39
- ⇒ ᴺQ. !hurindo “liar”

- ⇒ ᴺQ. !hurindo “liar”
- > ᴱQ. furu “lie” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion
- > G. fûr “lie” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion
- > G. fur- “to conceal; to lie” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion
- ⇒ G. furion “secret, concealed, hidden” ✧ GL/36; LT2A/Gar Thurion
- ⇒ G. Gar Thurion “Secret Place” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; PE15/24

- ⇒ G. Gar Thurion “Secret Place” ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion; PE15/24

- ⇒ G. furion “secret, concealed, hidden” ✧ GL/36; LT2A/Gar Thurion