Continue to Site

# Voltage regulator (7805) and voltage divisor problem - Any good ideas?

Status
Not open for further replies.

#### johankj

##### New Member
I'm having a problem with my voltage divisor network, which is basically set up as in the drawing (simplified).

I want to read the voltage across R2 (Vr), but allas...

My problem is that there is a resistance across the regulated output of the 7805 and ground of roughly 4k. My R1 value is 100k, and the R2 is a 100k variable resistor.

When assembled, R1 and R2 reads ~50k, I suspect because of the lower resistance across the 7805.

Is there a way to fix this? Or even better, can I completely ignore this?

#### Attachments

• div.jpg
5.5 KB · Views: 1,856
If you want to measure the voltage just do it. It sounds from your description that you want to measure the resistance. You typically can't do that with the circuit powered up, since resistance is measured by passing a small current through a circuit and measuring the voltage drop.

I am trying to measure the resistance, yes, but indirectly by measuring the voltage (Vr).

So when I power up the 7805, it doesn't matter that there is a a 4k resistance across it? I've enclosed another drawing that shows what I am measuring the resistances to be, where R3 represents the resistance across ground and output of the 7805.

#### Attachments

• div2.jpg
7.6 KB · Views: 340
johankj said:

I am trying to measure the resistance, yes, but indirectly by measuring the voltage (Vr).

So when I power up the 7805, it doesn't matter that there is a a 4k resistance across it? I've enclosed another drawing that shows what I am measuring the resistances to be, where R3 represents the resistance across ground and output of the 7805.

Not sure how you determined that there is a 4k resistance in parallel with your R1/R2 string, however the 7804 does consume some current for it's overhead use. This really does not change the calculated current through your R1/R2 series string as the regulators job is to keep the voltage constant to this string regardless of any other load on it's output, up to it's rated 1 amp max current rating.

Lefty

johankj said:
I'm having a problem with my voltage divisor network, which is basically set up as in the drawing (simplified).

I want to read the voltage across R2 (Vr), but allas...

My problem is that there is a resistance across the regulated output of the 7805 and ground of roughly 4k. My R1 value is 100k, and the R2 is a 100k variable resistor.

When assembled, R1 and R2 reads ~50k, I suspect because of the lower resistance across the 7805.

Is there a way to fix this? Or even better, can I completely ignore this? Yes![/QUOTE]

Hi,
Its quite normal,nothing to worry about.
[ its a little feedback from the 'flux capacitor' ]

Last edited:
Or even better, can I completely ignore this? Yes!

Thanks for the input guys. I'll just assume that it's nothing to worry about.

Not sure how you determined that there is a 4k resistance in parallel with your R1/R2 string
As I measured the resistance across the variable resistor R2, it had dropped from 100k to ~50k after assembly. After a bit of head scratching I found there was a 4k resistance across the output of the 7805, measured with my trusty multimeter.

its a little feedback from the 'flux capacitor'
LOL...

It's exactly the same as the formula for the LM317.

$V_{OUT} = V_{REF}(1+\frac{R2}{R1})+I_{ADJ}\times R2$

This can be re-arranged to:
$R2 = R1 \frac{V_{OUT}-V_{REF}}{{R1} \times I_{ADJ}+V_{REF}}$

The difference is:
Vref is your regulator's output voltage.
Your problem might be due to the fact you've ignored Iadg which is a lot bigger on an LM7805 than an LM317.

Hero999 said:
It's exactly the same as the formula for the LM317.

$V_{OUT} = V_{REF}(1+\frac{R2}{R1})+I_{ADJ}\times R2$

This can be re-arranged to:
$R2 = R1 \frac{V_{OUT}-V_{REF}}{{R1} \times I_{ADJ}+V_{REF}}$

The difference is:
Vref is your regulator's output voltage.
Your problem might be due to the fact you've ignored Iadg which is a lot bigger on an LM7805 than an LM317.

Jupp, you're right, I've completely ignored Iadj. I had it down to Vout/R2 = Vref/(R1 + R2) => Vout = Vref(R2/(R1 + R2)).

(Edit: Corrected my own formulæ)

Last edited:
I'm having a problem with my voltage divisor network, which is basically set up as in the drawing (simplified).

I want to read the voltage across R2 (Vr), but allas...

My problem is that there is a resistance across the regulated output of the 7805 and ground of roughly 4k. My R1 value is 100k, and the R2 is a 100k variable resistor.

When assembled, R1 and R2 reads ~50k, I suspect because of the lower resistance across the 7805.

Is there a way to fix this? Or even better, can I completely ignore this?
you will get 5v at the output not at the divider. can it be fixed no way. but if you use lm117 you may change the output from 1.2 v to close -3v of the input by changing the reg. bias at the adj. pin.

you will get 5v at the output not at the divider. can it be fixed no way. but if you use lm117 you may change the output from 1.2 v to close -3v of the input by changing the reg. bias at the adj. pin.

This post is a year old.!

I'm having a problem with my voltage divisor network, which is basically set up as in the drawing (simplified).

I want to read the voltage across R2 (Vr), but allas...

My problem is that there is a resistance across the regulated output of the 7805 and ground of roughly 4k. My R1 value is 100k, and the R2 is a 100k variable resistor.

When assembled, R1 and R2 reads ~50k, I suspect because of the lower resistance across the 7805.

Is there a way to fix this? Or even better, can I completely ignore this?

You know, you are defeating the purpose of having a regulator (it's supposed to give ~ 0 ohm output impedance) by putting these high value resistors on the output.

Last edited:
I didn't realise that he wanted to take the power from across the resistor - what a silly idea.

I didn't realise that he wanted to take the power from across the resistor - what a silly idea.

SOMETIMES IT PAYS TO READ OR AT LEAST UNDERSTAND.