I'm planning on making a solar-powered go-kart and I'm not sure what solar panel to use. This is the motor I'll be using: https://www.ebay.com/itm/250-W-24-V...-Go-Kart-minibike-razor-Drifter-/151885104976
That assumes high noon, panel tipped to face the sun, no clouds, high altitude, 0% humidity, and every condition at its best.That would be just to power the motor with no other capacity available to charge the batteries (assuming you were running it at full power).
I'm thinking of a lead acid battery, I didnt think about a charger nor a controller yet and I don't really have any background in electronics,battery capacity * charge rate - losses is usually good place to start.
What kind of battery technology are you using ? What kind of charger are you going to hook up to the solar panel ? What kind of controller are you going to use to control the speed of the motor ? What level of background have you got in electronics ?
You have given us very little information to go on here other than a single link to a motor.
It's a school project, the maximum speed should be about 8 miles per hour, our budget is something around $2000.Yes - what is the aim of your project ? What is your budget? What is your estimated maximum speed / distance traveled / time between charges etc ?
Is this a personal project / college project / professional product ?
Have you got an idea for the design of the kart / calculated the aerodynamics / drag etc and worked out what kind of power you're going to need to consume for a constant velocity ?
Your solar panels are going to cost you potentially $500-$1000 as well as the batteries for storage, controllers etc.
If you are only going to be traveling a few miles each day then consider just using batteries and charging the go kart from your home electrics or a solar array mounted on your property.
To power the kart by solar on a budget is not going to be easily achievable.