Continue to Site

# How to modify a toroidal transformer windings?

Status
Not open for further replies.

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
I have a toroidal transformer which has one input of 220 Volts AC, and 2 secondary outputs of 40 volts AC each one.

I want to modify it to have two 220 volts outputs instead the two 40 volts outputs that it has at the moment.

I would assume that it's a very easy task and I have just to modify the windings, but I have no prior experience. How do I should modify it?

#### Nigel Goodwin

##### Super Moderator
I have a toroidal transformer which has one input of 220 Volts AC, and 2 secondary outputs of 40 volts AC each one.

I want to modify it to have two 220 volts outputs instead the two 40 volts outputs that it has at the moment.

I would assume that it's a very easy task and I have just to modify the windings, but I have no prior experience. How do I should modify it?

You would assume wrong

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
You would assume wrong
Well, so.. now I know it's difficult. Can you explain me how to do it?

##### Well-Known Member
You first need to wind a test wind of say 10 turns, this will tell you the turns/volt.
But other that a small addition/reduction or small overwind, once you get into many scores of turns it becomes Very difficult on a Toroidal.
For complete/major rewind, the EI is easier if you can remove the laminations and rewind the Bobbin.
Max.

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
You first need to wind a test wind of say 10 turns, this will tell you the turns/volt.
But other that a small addition/reduction or small overwind, once you get into many scores of turns it becomes Very difficult on a Toroidal.
For complete/major rewind, the EI is easier if you can remove the laminations and rewind the Bobbin.
Max.
So you suggest that I use the EI transformer type.
I have a tiny E E transformer at home. It's not EI, but it's very similar. It has only E laminations, but each one is in opposite direction, so at the end you have like an EI core.

Just one question... If I have an opened transfomer... Imagine an E (without I). The transformer will work or not? Do I need to close the path?

##### Well-Known Member
You need the complete magnetic path.
Max.

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
You need the complete magnetic path.
Max.
I assume that if I don't have the complete magnetic path there is no way that it works, right?

##### Well-Known Member
One side only would have a complete magnetic path, making it very inefficient.
Max.

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
One side only would have a complete magnetic path, making it very inefficient.
Max.
One side a complete magnetic path? I don't understand that. I thought that two sides (closed core) would have a complete magnetic path.

##### Well-Known Member
Also depends on if it is a centre winding core.

You would be missing one side.
Max.

#### Nigel Goodwin

##### Super Moderator
Well, so.. now I know it's difficult. Can you explain me how to do it?

Sorry for the brief reply, but I was in the process of leaving work

As for how to do it - I would say it's near impossible.

Assume 10 turns per volt, then you need 2200 turns per winding, and two windings.

Go to the grocery shop and buy a bagel - now try and wind 4400 turns of wire through and round the bagel

It's a job for a specialist machine, and I can't even understand how they work?.

As already suggested, a conventional transformer is far easier to do - but still pretty tricky due to the high voltages and resulting high number of turns required.

What are you wanting to do with the transformer?, what power do you require?, and why can't you buy one?.

Another option is 'DIY transformers' - these come with a pre-wound mains primary, and you wind the secondary yourself.

#### J_Nichols

##### Member
Sorry for the brief reply, but I was in the process of leaving work

As for how to do it - I would say it's near impossible.

Assume 10 turns per volt, then you need 2200 turns per winding, and two windings.

Go to the grocery shop and buy a bagel - now try and wind 4400 turns of wire through and round the bagel

It's a job for a specialist machine, and I can't even understand how they work?.

As already suggested, a conventional transformer is far easier to do - but still pretty tricky due to the high voltages and resulting high number of turns required.

What are you wanting to do with the transformer?, what power do you require?, and why can't you buy one?.

Another option is 'DIY transformers' - these come with a pre-wound mains primary, and you wind the secondary yourself.
Of course, after reading the comments I think toroid transformers are difficult to modify.

I'm just experimenting, like a hobby. Nothing special. I have bought the step down toroid I have.

What about 'DIY transformer'? There is a kit or something like a kit that I can assemble myself?

I need around 100 watts.

##### Well-Known Member
I have found when adding small overwinds on Toroids it runs from anywhere from 1.5turns/volt to a max of 4 or 5.
5 is usually more prevalent on EI type.
AFAIK the machine uses a bobbin principle for winding Toroids.
Max.

#### KeepItSimpleStupid

##### Well-Known Member
The most I wound was 80 turns. You can measure the primary resistance using the Kelvin technique. Using the resitance, cross-sectional area, resistivity and get the length. So you could figure out what a 220-40 volt winding is.

Your winding wouldbe bi-filar or two together.

A long flat "stick" with the wires wound initially on it is then passwd through the core.

There are some calculators that can help. You want a uniform wind spacing at least per layer.

Its much easier to have a custom transformer made. I did it once.

Torroidal transformers are easy to customize.

#### JimB

##### Super Moderator
To see toroid winding machines in action, look here:

JimB

Status
Not open for further replies.

Replies
11
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
474
Replies
2
Views
5K
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
6
Views
2K