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Wind turbine blade designs

Discussion in 'Renewable Energy' started by Salaki, Apr 30, 2007.

  1. Salaki

    Salaki New Member

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  2. Papabravo

    Papabravo Well-Known Member

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    As any sailboat racer will tell you running downwind is the slowest point of sailing. Beating to windward is the next best. To really fly you need to be on a beam reach. So make a device that is always on a beam reach and the world will beat a path to your door...so to speak.
     
  3. Salaki

    Salaki New Member

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    w00t?!?!?! what do you mean by this?? im just 13 years old i dont get it lol
     
  4. dave

    Dave New Member

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  5. Papabravo

    Papabravo Well-Known Member

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    So you're 13, if you can design a wind generator you can see the similarity between a sail with the wind behind the boat running downwind and the half cylinder of a savonius vertical wind turbine. It would have taken you a few clicks to google the rudiments of sailing. Realizing that the static force on a surface pales in comparison to the lift generated when a fluid flows over the same surface. You might be trying to solve the wrong problem.

    Beam Reach - A point of sailing where the wind is perpendicular to the boat and the sail is trimed to generate the maximum amount of lift. The boat proceeds throught the water at it's maximum speed.
     
    Last edited: May 10, 2007
  6. philba

    philba New Member

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    13? great to have you here - maybe there is hope for the next generation.

    seriously, as the document says, the savonius design operates on a drag principle while the blade based turbines use aerodynamic lift. You would need to minimize the drag of the one side and maximize the drag of the other side. This is the same effect as a downwind run. I could see how some one could measure the drag of different designs and then pick the one with the greatest differential.

    By the way, I would alter the savonius design a bit by seperating the generator from the blade section so you could try different blade designs easily.

    there are other vertical designs that are more efficient because they use lift. like:
    http://www.newenergy.com.cn/english/product/windmill/index.htm
    http://www.greenwindmill.com/
    and one other that i couldn't find a link to but it uses curved blades that bow outward and is certainly the most gracefull looking.
     
  7. Salaki

    Salaki New Member

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    how could i seperate the generator from the blade???? please tell me =) I know what you mean but I can't think of a way to seperate it from the blade.
     
  8. Salaki

    Salaki New Member

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    and i just have 2 weeks on me more to get everything done for the science-fair
     
  9. philba

    philba New Member

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    by seperate, I meant to allow you to easily replace the blades. You could use a simple coupling like this
    [​IMG]
     
  10. john1

    john1 Active Member

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    Hi Salaki,

    The Savonius style of rotor is (i think) inherently inefficient.

    The only way to improve the wind action that i can see,
    is to mask or shield the wind from the half that is detracting.

    This could concievably be done by using a tail which would place
    such a shield across the half that detracts.

    ***************************

    Since my explanation of this concept is poor,
    i will try to explain it another way.

    The savonious style of rotor has one side moving into the wind.
    This side could be shielded by a movable part with a tail.
    The movable part with a tail would be positioned by the wind,
    and would sheild the section of the savonius rotor which
    moves into the wind.

    ***************************

    That explanation is not much better.
    But it will have to do.

    **************************

    I can see no way to improve the efficiency of a savonius style
    rotor very far, this suggestion of adding a separate part to act
    as a sort of wind-guide or shield should make a big difference,
    even though it does not address the efficiency of the rotor
    but changes the way the wind blows upon it.

    Best of luck with your project,
    and let us know how you get on.
    John :)
     
  11. williB

    williB New Member

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    these are blades with lift , not drag.
    i can cut one in a night , few hours , then epoxy the segments together
    they are surprisingly rigid, being that they are made of foam
    the alternator is three phase with 16 poles 12 coils and can put out 170 watts , with larger blades .
     

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  12. Sceadwian

    Sceadwian Banned

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    Any object which atempts to restrict/harness energy like wind has a 'drag' on it.
     
  13. williB

    williB New Member

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    Yeah , but the lift/drag ratio is greater with these blades than a ' drag' type rotor
     
  14. things

    things New Member

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    hi,
    i just want to ask what the problem is here. i have made a HAWT (horizontal axis wind turbine) and was wondering why i only get about 2 volts out of a large dc motor when i spin the blades. also i only get voltage when i spin the blades, not when they are spinning without help. do i have the wrong kind of motor. what do you suggest?

    thankyou
     
  15. Sceadwian

    Sceadwian Banned

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    Are you driving the motor directly? Motors won't generate any real amount of electricitiy until they hit their rated RPM.
     
  16. williB

    williB New Member

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    what kind of motor is it? PMDC permenent magnet dc ?
     
  17. things

    things New Member

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    i think it would be pmdc. it was out of a 24 volt electric scooter and is very heavy. it also has two wires out red and black.
    thanks
     
  18. williB

    williB New Member

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    Thats the problem , 24 Volts ...
    at what RPM ?

    a 90 V PMDC treadmill motor makes a much better wind turbine generator, because the RPMs needed to produce power is a lot less.
    hence to start charging a 12Volt battery ,the RPMs needed are alot less than if it was a 24V motor.
    you could allways boost the voltage .
    you would need a PIC controller with PWM ,a FET , an inductor and a fast diode
    what you do is pulse the inductor with the fet and the generator in one loop ,when the inductor is still releasing energy and the FET is off the current has no where to go , so you place the diode above the drain (between the inductor and the fet) pointing twards your battery.


    In the attached ckt..
    M1 M3 and R2 are optional , as is the Cap,
    your motor/generator would go where the three phase Alternator and the diode bridge is.
     

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  19. Salaki

    Salaki New Member

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    my wind turbine doesn't light up the lightbulb =( i did exactly as it said on the website but the lightbulb still won't light up... It's a 6,5 watt lightbulb do I need a different one??? Or doesn't it work with 4 magnets spinning above 4 coils of wire??
     
  20. williB

    williB New Member

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    could you describe your setup a little more ?
    particulary your coils
    four mags and four coils is not three phase , or single phase
     
  21. Sceadwian

    Sceadwian Banned

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    Pictures would be incredibly helpful at this point.
     

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