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ESR meter - project

Discussion in 'Electronic Projects Design/Ideas/Reviews' started by whiz115, Sep 6, 2007.

  1. whiz115

    whiz115 Member

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    as specified where? this is my first time i try to convert a schematic to PCB layout...
     
  2. blueroomelectronics

    blueroomelectronics Well-Known Member

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    The one from the other forum that you link to in this thread, and until you hand wire a small prototype it's jumping the gun to design a PCB for it. It may not work.
     
  3. whiz115

    whiz115 Member

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    ok i listened to your advice and i did a prototype with a PCB layout i found on this site:
    http://www.yoreparo.com/foros/diseno_electronico/80575.html

    (use an online translator to translate the site to English)

    The PCB layout i think it's the original schematic of Nuova Elettronica... and it is not exactly the same as the schematic in the previous page which it is supposed that it is improved and behaves better than the original design.

    The prototype works but I used resistors of whatever tolerance i had in front of me and i don't know if that affected the way it works, i don't think that it does what it is intended to do... :D if you short the test probes it outputs 120uA and with most capacitors it also outputs 120uA in few cases it shows different values...the trimmer pot just lowers the output uA but doesn't give full range on my analog multimeter although i have it in the lower scale.

    probably i should try some other ESR meters like ljcox's from the previous page... but none of them has PCB layout and it is overkill for a newbie to build it.

    i don't know what to do now... should i change resistors with more accurate? or i should forget it? any ideas? :rolleyes:



    P.S if someone wants to see it i can upload photos...
     
    Last edited: Oct 4, 2007
  4. dave

    Dave New Member

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  5. whiz115

    whiz115 Member

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    ok... unfortunately i have to quit my project because i can't get the help i want..
    at least i did one esr meter..even though probably it wasn't the best choose among the
    other esr meters i have found or suggested to me.

    Thanks everyone who said a word on this thread... and especially the guys who
    give me their designs.
     
    Last edited: Oct 5, 2007
  6. BravoV

    BravoV New Member

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    I'm aware of bumping a really old thread, but already contacted ljcox this circuit designer to respond here.

    Few questions about this circuit :

    • The oscillator part (IC1a, P1, R8 and C1) that generates 200Khz, can it be replaced with the popular 555 ic as long its configured to generate same 200 Khz pulse ?
    • Can this circuit capable of probing an "in-circuit" cap ?
    • How much voltage approximately that is applied to the DUT during the test ?
    • About the gain for the LF411 op-amp, with the current amplification it will represent 100 mV to the dmm when the dut is at 10 Ohm, is it possible to increase it 10 times, say 1 volt at 10 Ohm ? So it will be easier to use with those dmm that has only 200mv with 0.1 mV as the lowest resolution.
     
    Last edited: Nov 30, 2011
  7. MrAl

    MrAl Well-Known Member Most Helpful Member

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    Hi again,

    Oh, so ljcox asked you to post here to ask questions about the circuit?

    I'll hold off on my suggestions until ljcox has a chance to reply here.
     
  8. ljcox

    ljcox Well-Known Member

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    The gain is set by the ratio of R11/R10. So if you want 10 times the gain, change R9 & R10 to 270k.

    I have attached a table of ESR values. I don't recall where I obtained this info, so it may be a bit out of date now.
    Len
     

    Attached Files:

  9. ljcox

    ljcox Well-Known Member

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    Actually, he asked me these questions in the PM so I told him to ask them in the forum so others could see the answers.

    len
     
  10. BravoV

    BravoV New Member

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    Thanks for the responds.

    About the 0.7 volt test voltage, if the D1 & D2 are replaced with schottky diodes, will that lower the voltage ? Correct me if I'm wrong here, I thought in circuit test usually much lower to avoid biasing other silicon components ? Or this is not necessary at all ?
     
  11. ljcox

    ljcox Well-Known Member

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    Sorry, what I wrote in red is a bit misleading.

    What I meant is that the maximum voltage that can be applied to the DUT is about +/- 0.7 Volt.

    But that would only occur if the DUT had a fairly high ESR or was open circuit.

    If you apply Ohm's Law to the string of resistors R1, R2, R3 & ESR (during a negative half cycle) & assuming that the ESR = 10 Ohm, then the current is approximately 2.1 mA.

    Therefore the voltage across the DUT will be about -21 mV and the voltage at the anode of D2 will be about 166 mV.

    The diodes are to limit the maximum voltage that can be applied to the DUT & to protect the ESR Meter against the possibility that it may be inadvertently connected to a charged capacitor. See the circuit description for more detail.
     
  12. BravoV

    BravoV New Member

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    Thanks, noted !

    Ok, now its clear and realized the test voltage actually is pretty low, great !

    Now, going to order the parts ! :D

    Again, thank you for the help & assistance.
     
  13. ljcox

    ljcox Well-Known Member

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    You're welcome.
    Let me know if you have any problems.
     
  14. helion

    helion New Member

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    I built both designs(Len Cox one and the Nuova Elettronica one) on the breadboard.

    The one of Len Cox from Silicon Chip 2005 kept giving wild swinging readings of mV on the DMM.

    The Nuova Elettronica one from this page behaves the same as whiz115 describes his build - the trimmer works to control the current measured on the DMM, and irrespective of what the DUT terminals are doing, there's the maximum current across the terminals meant for the DMM.

    I'm keen to find answers to both.

    Update: Happens to be that I connected pin 10 instead of pin 9 with the Nuova Elettronica build. Now fixed. :D
     
    Last edited: May 9, 2013
  15. mvs sarma

    mvs sarma Well-Known Member

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    I remember that there were updates with corrections for the siliconchip2005 article perhaps same article was also published in epe magazine.
     
  16. helion

    helion New Member

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    Did you find a way with the EagleCAD thing? I also had the same kind of result from it - all resistors and caps vanished on the board drawing, but they were there in the schematic.

    I'm yet to find the correction article for the thing, but I believe I'm going well with the Nuova Elettronica one for now. There's another the PA4TIM one which I'm looking to build, but I'm still to get all the parts. :D

    If you may please help with the Eagle thing... don't know what the issue might be. :)
     

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